Official name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Form of Government: Constitutional Monarchy with Representative government.
Head of State: His Majesty King Abdullah Bin Al-Hussein II.
Population: Approx. 6 million
Area: 88.946 sq km
Other Major Cities: Irbid, Zarqa, Salt, Karak , Ma’an, and Aqaba
Language: Arabic, with English used extensively in commerce and by many Jordanians as a second language.
Time: GMT+2hours, US Eastern Time +7hours.
Currency: The Jordanian Dinar (JD), Divided into 1,000 files, or in more common usage 100 Piasters.
Exchange rate: USD$ 1.00=JD 0.71
Electricity: 220volts AC, 50 cycles, using rounded 2 prong plugs.
Credit Cards: Major credit cards are accepted at hotels, restaurants, and larger shops, including American Express, Visa Diners Club, and Master Card.
Religion: More than 92% of Jordanians are Sunni Muslims and approximately 3% are Christians. The majority of Christians belong to the Greek Orthodox Church, but there are also Greek Catholics, a small Roman Catholic community, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and a few Protestant denominations. Several small Shi’a and Druze populations can also be found in Jordan.
A note when visiting Mosques and churches: In a mosque you are required to take your shoes off.
Men are expected to wear trousers and women to cover their arms, legs and hair. In a church men are expected to wear trousers and women to dress conservatively.
Climate: Sunny skies and warm dry weather most of the year. Rain falls between November and March, rarely lasting more than a few days at a time. Springtime brings optimal weather lush with greenery and autumn is equally mild. Summers are hot but pleasant and are cool during the evenings. Average temperatures from May to November range between 20*-30*C. quite cool, so one should be prepared to wear a shawl or sweater. Winters are cold, windy and rainy. Heavy snow is not unusual.
Alcoholic Beverages: Alcohol is widely available in hotels, restaurants, bars and some shops. Drinking is prohibited on streets.
Eating and drinking: Hotels offer a diverse range of food and beverages outlets from coffee shops to fine drinking and specialty outlets. Outside of the hotels, small and often inexpensive eating places are available. The enormous variety of restaurants ensures an equally wide range of prices. Traditional Arabic cuisine and wide choice of international cuisine are available. You will find some fantastic cuisine in Jordan. You can try the national dish of Mansaf, a traditional meal of lamb cooked in herbs and yoghurt.
Photography: One hour developing is widely available. All sorts of films, cameras, disposable cameras, camcorders are available. Like in any country. It is advisable that one asks permission before photographing strangers. Try to avoid photographs of women unless permission is asked.
Tipping and social Etiquette:
• Tipping is not compulsory but customary and always appreciated.
• Decent clothing is recommended for both men and women in Amman and outside the cities.
Weights and Measures: Jordan uses the metric system for weights and measures.
Time: Throughout of year Jordan is three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
Dress Code: Jordan has a reasonably relaxed dress code but being Islamic country modest clothing is recommended, particularly in rural areas. Beachwear is acceptable at beach clubs, in the hotel, at the pool or on the beach.
Embassies: Most countries are represented in Amman by an embassy or consulate. Contact our representative for details on location, contact numbers and working hours.
Postal Services: Postal services are available at post offices which are found in the capital, Amman and most other cities.
Taxies: Taxis are inexpensive and often the most convenient form of transportation in Jordan, even over substantial distances. Private taxis are painted yellow except for Aqaba taxis are green painted, they can be taken from outside larger hotels, or hailed in the street. Taxis have meters, but these are not always used at night, so it is advisable to agree the cost beforehand. The same applies to long journeys. Taxi drivers are friendly, know the city well, and usually speak English.
The meter starts at JD 0.25 and a taxi ride is usually JD 2-3 in the city of Amman. Tipping is not required, but it is customary to pay the nearest round figure to the price on the meter.
NATIONAL FLAG OF JORDAN:
National flag of Jordan has three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green with a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side bearing a small white seven-pointed star in the middle.
Red triangle represents the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empore during World War I.
Black represents the Abbassid Caliphate.
White represents the Ummayyad Caliphate.
Green represents the Fatimid Calophate and Islam as it is believed to be a favorite color of Prophet Muhammad and his daughter, Fatima. Green is also mentioned several times in the Quran, in relation to paradise.
Seven-pointed star originally represented the seven districts of erstwhile Syria. The seven-pointed star currently symbolizes the seven verses of the first surah (Al-Fatiha) in the Qur'an - faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations.
COAT OF ARMS OF JORDAN:
On August 25, 1934, the Executive Council (The Council of Ministers at the time) issued Directive No. 558 declaring the Coat of Arms of as the official emblem of the country and outlining its specific design layout. On February 21, 1982, the Council of Ministers issued the official Notification No. 6, which gave written specifications and explanations of the official emblem of the country.
In the coat of Arms an Eagle proper displayed stands on the globe, its wings touching the flags on both ends and its head faces its right.